Acupressure - Tui Na is an ancient system of remedial
It includes deep tissue massage
, and manipulation
to realign the muscle, tendon and ligament relationships
Tui Na can help relieve pain, balance the body and
maintain good health. It is effective for soft tissue injuries, headache,
migraine, neck shoulder back pain, arthritis. It also helps other chronic
internal conditions as stress, insomnia, constipation.
Acupressure uses same points and meridians as acupuncture
does. Instead using needles, it uses gentle but firm pressure on the points,
which achieves same effect as acupuncture.
Tuina has a variety of different systems that emphasize
particular aspects of these therapeutic principles. Traditionally Tuina in
China has the following styles:
method which emphasizes soft tissue
techniques and specializes in joint injuries and muscle sprains;
finger pushing method school which
emphasizes techniques for acupressure and the treatment of internal diseases,
method which emphasizes the use of Nei Gong
Qi energy generation exercises and specific massage methods for revitalizing
depleted energy systems,
setting method which emphasizes manipulation
methods to realign the musculoskeletal and ligamentous relationships and
specializes in joint injuries and nerve pain.
There in another specific type of Tuina:
Chinese Infantile Tuina
Chinese Infantile Tuinause very
special methods and acupuncture points mainly on Children's hands. Symptoms can
be treated with Infantile Tuina include: diarrhoea, constipation, vomitiong,
enuresis (bed wetting), convulsion, common cold, asthma, fever,whooping cough,
In a typical session, the client, wearing loose clothing
and no shoes, lies on a table or floor mat. The practitioner examines the
specific problems of the client and begins to apply a specific treatment
protocol. The major focus of application is upon specific pain sites,
acupressure points, energy meridians, and muscles and joints.
Advanced Tuina practitioners may also use Chinese herbs
to facilitate quicker healing. Sessions last from 30 minutes to 1 hour.
Depending on the specific problems of the client, they may return for
additional treatments. The client usually feels relaxed but energized by the
Tuina is now being popularized in this country as a
powerful therapeutic extension of traditional western massage methods. Tuina's
simplicity and focus on specific problems, rather than a more generalized
treatment, make it both an excellent alternative and/or extension of the
Swedish-style massage. By utilizing treatments of shorter duration, it can be
used in a variety of settings, including home, office, clinic or hospital. It
is well suited for both the professional massage therapist or the active,
health conscious individual.
History of Tuina
Tuina dates back to the Shang Dynasty of China, 1700
B.C.E. Oracle bones show that tuina massage was used to treat children's
diseases and digestive complaints in adults. By 600 C.E. Tuina was included in
the Imperial Medical College as a separate department. Tuina flourished
throughout China until the Qing Dynasty where it was suppressed along with
other Chinese cultural arts. Following the Communist revolution, Tuina was
restored along with other traditional medical arts and was included in the
creation of the current system of Traditional Medicine Colleges.
Currently, Tuina is taught as a separate but equal field
of study in the major traditional Chinese medical colleges. Tuina doctors
receive the same demanding training as acupuncturists and herbalists and enjoy
the same level of professional respect.
Benefits, Limitations, Contraindications
Tuina is well suited for the treatment of specific
musculoskeletal disorders and chronic stress-related disorders of the
digestive, respiratory and reproductive systems. Effective treatment protocols
have been tested in a practical setting.
Tuina is not especially useful for those seeking a mild,
sedating and relaxing massage since it tends to be more task focused than other
types of bodywork.
Contraindications include conditions involving fractures,
phlebitis, infectious conditions, open wounds, and lesions.